Mahâ Kassapa Thera Bojjhanga

Mahâ Kassapa Thera Bojjhanga – Discourse On Factors of Enlightenment To Mahâ Kassapa Thera

Evam me sutam
Thus have I heard:
ekam samayam, Bhagavâ
On one occasion the Blessed One
Râjagahe viharati Veluvane Kalandakanivâpe
was residing at the Squirrels’ feeding ground in the Bamboo Grove, near Rajagaha.
Tena kho pana samayena
At that time,
âyasmâ Mahâkassapo Pipphali guhâyam viharati
the Venerable Mahâ Kassapa who was living in Pipphali Cave,
âbâdhiko, dukkhito, bâlhagilâno
was afflicted with a disease, was suffering, and was gravely ill.

Atho kho, Bhavagâ, sâyanha-samayam, patisallânâ vutthito
Then the Blessed One, arising from His solitude at even tide,
yenâyasmâ Mahâkassapo ten’upasankami,
visited the Venerable Mahâ Kassapa
Upasankamitvâ paññatte âsane nisīdi
and sat down on a seat made ready for Him.
Nisajja kho Bhavagâ âyasmantam Mahâkassapam etadavoca
Thus seated, the Blessed One spoke to the Venerable Mahâ Kassapa:

Kacci te Kassapa khamanīyam,
“Well Kassapa, how is it with you? Are you enduring your suffering?
Kacci yâpaniyam
Are you bearing up?
Kacci dukkhâ vedanâ patikkamanti no, abhikkamanti
Do your painful feeling decrease or increase?
Patikkamosânam paññâyati no, abhikkamo’ti
Are there signs of decreasing and not increasing?”

Na me bhante khamanīyam na, yâpanīyam
“No, Venerable Sir, I am not enduring, I am not bearing up,
Bâlhâ me dukkhâ vedanâ
the painful feeling is very great.
Abhikkamanti no, patikkamanti
There is a sign of pain not decreasing
Abhikkamosânam paññâyati no, patikkamo’ti
but of their increasing.”

Sattime Kassapa, bojjhangâ
“Kassapa, these seven factors of Enlightenment
mayâ sammadakkhâtâ, bhâvitâ, bahulīkatâ
are well expounded by me, and are cultivated and fully developed by me.
abhiññâya, sambodhâya nibbânâya samvattanti
They are condusive to perfect understanding, to full realization and to Nibbana.

Katame satta
What are the seven?”

Sati-sambojjhango kho Kassapa
“Mindfulness, the factor of Enlightenment, Kassapa,
mayâ sammadakkhâto, bhâvito, bahulīkato
is well expounded by me, and is cultivated and fully developed by me.
abhiññâya sambodhâya nibbânâya samvattati
It conduces to perfect understanding, to full realization and to Nibbana.”

Dhamma-vicaya-sambojjhango kho Kassapa
“Investigation of the Dhamma, the factor of Enlightenment, Kassapa,
mayâ sammadakkhâto, bhâvito, bahulīkato
is well expounded by me, and is cultivated and fully developed by me.
abhiññâya sambodhâya nibbânâya samvattati
It conduces to perfect understanding, to full realization and to Nibbana.”

Viriya-sambojjhango kho Kassapa
“Persevering effort, the factor of Enlightenment, Kassapa,
mayâ sammadakkhâto, bhâvito, bahulīkato
is well expounded by me, and is cultivated and fully developed by me.
abhiññâya sambodhâya nibbânâya samvattati
It conduces to perfect understanding, to full realization and to Nibbana.”

Pīti-sambojjhango kho Kassapa
“Rapture, the factor of Enlightenment, Kassapa,
mayâ sammadakkhâto, bhâvito, bahulīkato
is well expounded by me, and is cultivated and fully developed by me.
abhiññâya sambodhâya nibbânâya samvattati
It conduces to perfect understanding, to full realization and to Nibbana.”

Passaddhi-sambojjhango kho Kassapa
“Tranquility, the factor of Enlightenment, Kassapa,
mayâ sammadakkhâto, bhâvito, bahulīkato
is well expounded by me, and is cultivated and fully developed by me.
abhiññâya sambodhâya nibbânâya samvattati
It conduces to perfect understanding, to full realization and to Nibbana.”

Samâdhi-sambojjhango kho Kassapa
“Concentration, the factor of Enlightenment, Kassapa,
mayâ sammadakkhâto, bhâvito, bahulīkato
is well expounded by me, and is cultivated and fully developed by me.
abhiññâya sambodhâya nibbânâya samvattati
It conduces to perfect understanding, to full realization and to Nibbana.”

Upekkhâ-sambojjhango kho Kassapa
“Equanimity, the factor of Enlightenment, Kassapa,
mayâ sammadakkhâto, bhâvito, bahulīkato
is well expounded by me, and is cultivated and fully developed by me.
abhiññâya sambodhâya nibbânâya samvattati
It conduces to perfect understanding, to full realization and to Nibbana.”

Ime kho Kassapa satta bojjhangâ
“These seven factors of Enlightenment, Kassapa,
mayâ sammadakkhâtâ, bhâvitâ, bahulīkatâ
are well expounded by me, and are cultivated and fully developed by me.
abhiññâya sambodhâya nibbânâya samvattanti
They conduce to perfect understanding, to full realization and to Nibbana.”

Taggha Bhagava, bojjhangâ
“Most assuredly, O Blessed One, they are factors of Enlightenment.
Taggha, sugata, bojjhangâ’ti
Most assuredly, O Welcome One (Sugata), they are factors of Enlightenment.”

Idamavoca Bhagavâ
“Thus said the Buddha,
attamano, âyasmâ Mahâkassapo
and the Venerable Mahâ Kassapa, glad at heart,
Bhagavato bhâsitam abhinandi
was delighted at the utterances of the Buddha.
vutthâhi câyasmâ Mahâkassapo tamhâ âbâdhâ
Thereupon the Venerable Mahâ Kassapa recovered from that affliction,
Tathâ pahīno câyasmâto Mahâkassapassa so âbâdho ahosī ti
and that affliction of the Venerable Mahâ Kassapa disappeared.